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肠胃疾病通常会给你带来恶心、腹泻或呕吐等不适症状. 在医疗快递,网络购彩治疗一些胃肠道疾病,让你恢复健康.

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What is a Gastrointestinal Disease or Digestive 疾病?

GI diseases 而且 illnesses are any ailments linked to the digestive system, 包括口, 唾液腺, 喉咙, 食道, 胃, 小肠和大肠, 肝, 胆囊, pancrease, 直肠和肛门.

GI diseases may also include more chronic diagnoses, 比如克罗恩病, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), 乳糜泻, 溃疡性结肠炎, 炎症性肠病, 或肝脏疾病, 可能需要长期的, speciality treatment to maintain functional gastrointestinal health.

There are several different types of GI illnesses, including viral gastroenteritis, food poisoning 而且 even constipation. 在这一页上, 你将了解更多关于网络购彩在医疗快递看到的一些最常见的短期胃肠道疾病.

你知不知道? 美国国立卫生研究院报告称,每年有6000万到7000万人受到消化系统疾病的影响.1

dad playing with two young children

Symptoms of 胃肠道疾病

Most GI ailment symptoms are easily recognizable. 胃肠道紊乱通常开始于腹部不适和恶心,然后症状可能会根据你的具体疾病而不同. 诊断可能包括急性、短期疾病——有时被称为“胃病”.“当它们在你的身体系统中发挥作用时,会给你带来不愉快的症状.

GI disorders or infections may include:

Viral Gastroenteritis (“Stomach 流感”)
病毒性肠胃炎是一种消化系统疾病,通常被称为“肠胃流感”,但它实际上根本不是流感. 真正的流感只指流感,一种影响你呼吸系统的病毒. 相反,病毒性肠胃炎是一种影响肠道的感染. 你可以通过与已经患病的人接触,或通过摄入被病毒污染的食物或水而感染, 像诺瓦克病毒.

Gastroenteritis symptoms may take several days to appear, though they normally don't linger for more than a day or two. Exceptions may be those with rotavirus, whose symptoms can last up to nine days, 和诺瓦克病毒, which can last one to three days. 症状包括: 

  • 呕吐 
  • 腹泻 
  • 抽筋 
  • 较低的热 
  • 恶心想吐

食物中毒 
食物中毒是一种疾病,当你吃了被传染性微生物污染的食物时发生, 如沙门氏菌, 李斯特菌或E. 杆菌. This can occur with undercooked or improperly h而且led food. 症状通常在进食后8至12小时出现,并可持续1至2天. Food poisoning begins with abdominal cramping. 其他症状包括: 

  • 恶心想吐 
  • 呕吐 
  • 腹泻 
  • 发热 
  • 抽筋

Gastrointestinal Infections
Gastrointestinal infections can be caused by viruses, 细菌, or parasites that settle in your GI tract. 病毒和细菌感染通常只需要支持性护理就能在几天内痊愈. 根据细菌感染的性质和严重程度,可使用抗生素治疗. 然而,寄生虫感染通常需要医疗来解决.

症状包括:

  • 腹泻 
  • 腹部不适 
  • 呕吐 
  • 那些寄生虫, 特别是蛲虫(常见于学龄儿童)可能会有睡眠困难, 不安, 而且 itching around the infection site.

如果你的症状持续超过一天或两天,或者症状变得更严重,你应该寻求治疗. Seek immediate attention if you experience the following:

  • 胸痛或腹痛
  • 呕吐 blood or darker 流感ids that appear like coffee grounds
  • Black or bloody bowel movements
  • 严重的头痛
  • 脖子僵硬
  • 高烧超过101度 °F
  • Exhaustion or trouble waking
  • Dehydration symptoms including feeling tired, 极度口渴, 口干, 肌肉痉挛, 头晕, 混乱, dark colored urine or a lack of the need to urinate

便秘
一个共同的, 通常是暂时的障碍, often the result of inactivity, eating or drinking a lot of dairy products, 而且/or not having enough fiber or water in your 饮食. 便秘 may resolve itself within a few days. 症状包括: 

  • Trouble with bowel movements 
  • 腹胀

便秘 may also be a side effect of certain 药物. It can be treated with over the counter remedies, 但如果症状没有迅速缓解或出现腹痛等严重症状, vomiting or bleeding occurs, seek medical attention immediately.

晨吐
Many pregnant women suffer from morning sickness, which (despite its name) can occur at any time of the day. Typically occurring during the first trimester of pregnancy, 晨吐也不是真正的“病”,而是女性体内激素波动的结果. 症状包括: 

  • 恶心想吐 
  • 呕吐 

woman sitting on a couch reading a book

Diagnosing 胃肠道疾病

Because there are a multitude of diagnoses that fall under GI illnesses, 您的医疗团队可能会询问您的症状和近期活动情况, 在其他方面, to help them make their diagnosis.

Patients may be referred to a gastroenterologist for chronic disorders. 专家可以帮助病人决定如何调整他们的生活方式, 饮食, 药物, or manage their ongoing symptoms. 如果你的医疗服务提供者怀疑你有严重的潜在疾病, immediate referral to the emergency department may be necessary.

治疗肠胃疾病

Though specific treatments vary depending on the diagnosis, general care of 胃 or digestive trouble may include:

  • Resting 而且 drinking plenty of 流感ids. 
  • Following the BRAT 饮食 – bananas, 大米, 苹果酱和吐司——所有这些对胃都很好,有它们自己的好处. 与此同时, 避免奶制品, 油脂和香料, as they can aggravate your digestive system. 
  • 服用非处方药物缓解症状(如治疗便秘的泻药). 
  • Upon being examined by a medical provider, 药物可以控制症状,如恶心,以提供安慰和帮助补水能力. 适当时,可给予抗恶心药物和/或静脉补液.

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引用:

1 National Institute of Diabetes 而且 Digestive 而且 Kidney Diseases: Digestive Diseases Statistic for the United States 发布:11月. 2014. Last accessed: May 11, 2018.

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